While the concept of "tagging" or "labeling" code is not a new, or original idea that was introduced with Git, our use of tags in a regular workflow does not predate the migration to Git however. At it's most basic level, a "tag" in any version control system is to take a "picture" of how the tree looks at a certain point in time such that it can be re-created later. This can be extremely helpful for both local and team development, take the following scenario for local development using tags:
This local development scenario can become a team development scenario involving tags, if for example, Tim needed QA to start testing portions of his branch (his changes are just that important). Since the current HEAD of Tim's branch is incredibly unstable, he can push his tag to the central repository so QA can push a stage using the tag to the last stable point in the branch's history with the command:
git push origin tag protiptag
Tags are similar to most other "refs" in Git insofar that they are distributable, if I execute
git fetch your-repo --tags, I can pull the tags you've set in "your-repo" and apply them locally aid development. The distributed nature is primarily how tags differ in Git from Subversion, nearly the rest of the concept is the exact same.
Currently at Slide, tag usage is dominated by the
post-receivehook in the central repository, where every push into the central repository ("origin") in the branch release branch is tagged. This allows us to quickly "revert" bad live pushes temporarily, by simply pushing the last "good" tagged release, to ensure minimal site destabilization (while we correct live issues outside of the release branch).
For more specific usage of `git tag` refer to the git-tag(1) man page